Origin & Types
The varieties of Bhumi Amla are Navyakrit, Phyllanthus niruri Schum. & Thonn and Phyllanthus urinaria. It is mostly grown in African nations, some parts of America and South East Asian countries.
Bhumi Amla-Fact Sheet
|Scientific Name||Phyllanthus Niruri|
|Country of Origin||India|
|Plant Height||2 feet tall|
|Length of Leaves||3 to 11 mm by 1.5–6 mm|
|Years Nurtured before Harvesting||2 to 3 months|
|Years of Mature||3 to 4 months|
|Parts of the Plant Used||The Whole plant|
|Color||Pale green flower|
|Best Time to Grow||Summer and onset of monsoon|
Bhumi Amla is available in China, Philippines, Nigeria, West Africa, America, Guam, and Cuba. In India, it grows as a weed in Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Sikkim, Odisha and Tamil Nadu.
The plant shoots up to 2 feet in height. The small leaves are membranous and alternate besides being arranged in 2 rows. They are thin and elliptical with a glacous under the surface and have a narrow base with two stipules. The pale green flowers blossom in pairs and are monoecious. Its branches are herbaceous and the bark is light green while smooth and tiny fruits contain seeds.
Medicinal Uses & Health Benefits
Presence of anti-oxidant property
It protects the liver by guarding the liver tissues against oxidative stress by improving antioxidative defense and reducing plasma LPO. It also protects against H2O2, nitric oxide and STZ induced lymphocyte DNA damage.
Cures kidney stones
The intake of this herb normalizes the urinary calcium levels present in the calcium stone by interfering with calcium oxalate crystals.
The antimicrobial feature helps in curing digestive tracts and protects against H. pylori bacteria.
Protects against ulcers
Its extract is helpful in reducing secretion of gastric acid and protects the stomach.
Lowers blood sugar
Due to its anti-diabetic property, the aerial part of the herb prevents absorption of glucose and improves glucose storage which further facilitates maintenance of the blood sugar levels.
Treats acute hepatitis B
Due to its anti-viral and liver-protecting properties, it helps in the treatment of acute hepatitis B.
The plant species eliminates metastasis that occurs in breast and lung cancers. Presence of polyphenols in the plant prevents migration, invasion, and adhesion of cancer cells.
- The leaves contain alkaloid phyllanthoside having a robust antispasmodic activity which helps in treating spasms.
- For treating syphilis, add the leaf juice with sugar and cumin seed for drinking
- It cures allergic conditions like urticarial rashes and sneezing. The livplus capsule of Bhumi amla is helpful in healing hyperacidity, hepatic disorders, and immune system.
- It provides relief from chronic dysentery, dyspepsia, jaundice, menorrhagia and dropsy.
- The astringent, cold and bitter nature of the herb helps to cure cough, spleen disorder and asthma.
- For treating Syphilis, make a juice by blending some herb, cumin seeds and sugar.
- Make a paste of Indian Gooseberry and apply on the breasts to reduce swelling.
- The anti-microbial and anti-viral property helps to cure ringworm, ulcers and scabies.
- Drinking one glass of juice daily helps to cure various liver diseases, diarrhea, constipation and vomiting.
- Crush some leaves in the milk and drink it to cure urinary disorders. It also helps to reduce the lipid activity and purify the blood.
- Apply amla paste on the skin to reduce itchiness.
Possible Side Effects
- Use the herb with caution as it may cause diarrhea and stomach upset.
- Lactating and pregnant women must avoid this medicine.
- Diabetes patients, using blood-thinning medications, having a blood clotting disorder, scheduled surgery within two weeks or taking several medications must also avoid the herb.
Cultivation & Propagation
- Collect the seeds by drying the plants and the fruits for propagation.
- Sow the seeds in nursery beds.
- Mix the seeds with dry sand and soil to get consistent level.
- For good germination and high yield, sow the seeds between April to May. There should be adequate moisture content till the germination takes place.
- Plant the 35 to 45 days seedlings in the field having 10 to 15m height with spacing of 15 by 10 cm spacing.
- Irrigate the field lightly after transplantation so that there is a proper establishment of seedlings.
- Areas having high rainfall during the growth don’t require irrigation. But in regions, where there is scanty rainfall irrigation at a fortnightly interval aids proper growth.
- As the plant is tender and herbaceous, it requires manual weeding two times a month. Avoid using herbicides as it has an adverse effect on the crop by leaving residues in the crude drugs.
It grows on a variety of grounds like clay to loamy soils. The pH level must be between 5.5 to 8.0. It also grows well in well-drained calcareous soils and can tolerate temporary waterlogging. The crop is a circumtropical weed and survives in high rainfall and tropical conditions too.
Health & Security
Some significant insects and diseases that infest on the crop are stem weevils, leaf-eating caterpillar, and powdery mildew. For protection, spray 0.2% Nuvacron and sulfur-containing fungicide Sulfex at the rate of 0.25%.
Harvesting & Storage of Bhumi Amla Plant
- After 90 days of transplantation, harvest the crop when it becomes herbaceous and greenish. As the crop grows, the height increases but there is a decrease in the number of leaves due to the fall of the lower leaves. As the leading ingredient of the crop is its leaf, the primary target is maximizing the production of leaf biomass.
- For high drug yield, harvest the crop during September and dry the herb under the shade for 3 to 4 days with constant raking with sticks. After drying, store the material in gunny bugs having proper ventilation.
- The yield depends on the spacing wherein 15 by 10 cm gives an average yield of 2000 kg of dry herb per hectare. Presence of Phyllanthin content ranges from 0.4% to 0.5%.
Marketing of Bhumi Amla Plant
The plant has an excellent reputation for its hepatoprotective effect which helps in curing hepatitis B. As the plant has rich medicinal value, there is ongoing research for the natural products in academia and industry for higher production in an attempt to yield high value in the world market.